Table 20 Agencies active in funding ISI articles in Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan is the 48th largest export economy in the world and the 81st most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI). In 2013, Kazakhstan exported $74B and imported $49.4B, result-ing in a positive trade balance of $24.6B. In 2013 the GDP of Kazakhstan was $231B and its GDP per capita was $13.6k.
The top exports of Kazakhstan are Crude Petroleum ($44.9B), Petroleum Gas ($3.85B), Refined Petroleum ($3.63B), Refined Copper ($2.7B) and Radioactive Chemicals ($2.43B), using the 1992 revision of the HS (Harmonized System) classification. Its top imports are Crude Petroleum ($2.84B), Cars ($2.2B), Refined Petroleum ($1.71B), Other Large Iron Pipes ($1.55B) and Packaged Medicaments ($1.25B).
The top export destinations of Kazakhstan are China ($14.4B), the Netherlands ($7.98B), Italy ($5.96B), Russia ($5.85B) and France ($5.76B). Iran ranks 26th among export destinations of Kazakhstan buying 0.73% of its export products ($538M). The top import origins are Russia ($17.4B), China ($8.6B), Germany ($2.7B), Ukraine ($2.13B) and the United States ($2.04B). Among import origins of Kazakhstan, Iran ranks 46th, exporting 0.16% of its products to Kazakhstan which make a total of $77M.
EXHIBITIONS, COMPANIES, AND TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER CENTERS
Kazakhstan, like many other countries, holds various exhibitions in different fields such as Flower and Landscape design, Oil and Gas, Agriculture and Food Industry, Cleaners and Detergents, Hotels and Restaurants, Packaging Industry, Kids Clothes and Footwear, Fashion, Education Fair, Construction and Civil Engineering, Beauty Industry, IT and Security and Communication, Travel and Tourism, Real State and Investment, Light-ing Equipment and Technologies, Energy and Energy Saving, Nuclear Power Engineering and Industry, Non-destructive Testing Exhibition, Dental Instruments, Office Equipment and Design, Mining and Metallurgy, Road and Heavy Constructions, Waste Treatment Technologies, Transport and Logistics.
TRADE WITH ECO COUNTRIES
Kazakhstan exports to all ECO countries to the following values out of it total export value: Turkey (3.90%), Azerbaijan (0.51%), Turkmenistan (0.24%), Uzbekistan (1.50%), Tajikistan (0.67%), Kyrgyzstan (0.87%), Pakistan (0.01%), Afghanistan (0.34%), and Iran (0.73%).
Kazakhstan imports from all ECO countries to the following values in Million dollars: Iran ($78M), Turkey ($932M), Kazakhstan ($78%M), Pakistan ($38M), Turkmenistan ($199M), Uzbekistan ($928M), Tajikistan ($69M), Afghanistan ($2M), and Kyrgyzstan ($354M).