Turkmenistan is the 93rd largest export economy in the world and the 123rd most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI). In 2013, Turkmenistan exported $10.3B and imported $7.28B, resulting in a positive trade balance of $3.06B. In 2013 the GDP of Turkmenistan was $41.9B and its GDP per capita was $7.99k.
The top exports of Turkmenistan are Petroleum Gas ($8.07B), Refined Petroleum ($1.08B), Raw Cotton ($298M), Gold ($263M) and Non-Retail Pure Cotton Yarn ($172M), using the 1992 revision of the HS (Harmonized System) classification. Its top imports are Special Purpose Ships ($356M), Raw Iron Bars ($223M), Iron Pipes ($217M), Iron Structures ($200M) and Delivery Trucks ($179M).
The top export destinations of Turkmenistan are China ($7.97B), Turkey ($638M), Italy ($457M), the United Kingdom ($440M) and Kazakhstan ($199M). The top import origins are Turkey ($1.93B), Russia ($1.41B), China ($1.11B), Germany ($495M) and Ukraine ($394M). Iran takes no place among exporters to or importers from Turkmenistan.
EXHIBITIONS, COMPANIES, AND TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER CENTERS
Exhibitions which are held in Turkmenistan are only two. The first one is related to International trade fair for agriculture, food and packaging, cosmetics, chemicals, cleaning products, interior design home textile, furniture and decoration and build, construction and machinery. The second exhibition in Turkmenistan is related to oil and gas held in Ashgabat once a year.
TRADE WITH ECO COUNTRIES
Turkmenistan is an exporter of goods to only five of the ECO countries namely Turkey, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Pakistan and Kyrgyzstan at 6.20%, 0.44%, 1.90%, 0.16%, and 0.02% respectively. Turkmenistan also imports from Turkey, Azerbaijan, Pakistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan to the value of 1.9, 40, 2.4, 0.5, 5.05 million dollars respectively.